Awesome Peru Facts
The Republic of Peru is the official name of Peru's nation. It is situated in the western part of South America, close to the Pacific Ocean. Ecuador and Columbia are to Peru's north, Brazil to its east, Chile to its south, and Bolivia to its southeast. Peru was home to a variety of ancient cultures, starting with the Norte Chico, one of the world's earliest civilizations. The Inca Empire ruled Peru prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 1500s. Peru gained independence from Spain in 1821, after hundreds of years of Spanish domination. Despite gaining independence, Peru was still plagued by political instability.
Peru's Interesting Facts:
Every year on July 28th and 29th, Peruvians commemorate their independence. The festival is known as 'Fiestas Patrias,' which translates to 'Patriotic Holidays.'
Lima was the capital of Peru while it was under Spanish control. It was the most powerful city in South America. Lima is the capital of Peru.
Peru has a population of about 30 million people.
Lima is home to around a quarter of Peru's population.
The Nuevo Sol is Peru's currency.
Although Spanish is the official language of Peru, many Peruvians also speak Quechua (an Inca language) and Aymara. Natives east of the Andes Mountains are thought to speak up to an extra 13 languages.
Peruvian potatoes were the first to be introduced to the United States.
Peru grows more than 55 different kinds of maize.
Peru is the world's sixth-largest gold producer.
Peru is the world's eighth biggest coffee producer. Peru is also the world's fifth-largest producer of Arabica beans.
Peru is the world's leading exporter of asparagus. Peru exported 117,000 tonnes of asparagus in 2012.
The Amazon Rain Forest covers about two-thirds of Peru's geographical area.
Peru has 1625 different orchid species. Near Machu Picchu, there are 425 different orchid species (an Inca site from the 1400s).
Machu Picchu, the Inca site deep in the Amazon, has been lost to man for hundreds of years. The location was found by an American explorer.
Lake Titicaca in southern Peru is the world's biggest lake.
Peru is home to the world's tallest sand dune. Cerro Blanco is the name of a mountain in the Sechura Desert. It stands at a height of 3,860 feet.
Peru is seen as a poor nation, although it possesses a diverse range of natural resources.
China is the world's best fisherman, with Peru coming in second with the largest yearly catch.
There are 103 ecosystems on the planet. In Peru, there are 84 of these habitats.
Earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, landslides, and moderate volcanic activity are among the natural hazards that Peru is vulnerable to.
Peruvian cuisine is a fusion of Spanish and Amerindian cuisines with influences from Japan, Italy, the Arab world, Africa, and China.
Manufacturing, mining, agriculture, and fishing are the major economic activities of Peru.
Huascaran National Park in Peru has 27 snow-capped mountain peaks that rise to 6,000 meters above sea level.
Peruvian cottons Pima and Tanguis are among the best in the world.
It is permissible to eat cat in certain parts of Peru, just as it is allowed to eat chicken in North America.